Archiv für Dr. Maged Moussa Yanni

“Not a civil war, but a fanatic extremist group against the Egyptian people.”

By Dr. Maged Moussa Yanny, Egypt

The author is the former Executive Director of the Association of Upper Egypt for education and development

Egypt is facing a very serious, difficult and sad period in its modern history. The situation after the events of June 30th and the ouster of president Morsi is very tense. The Muslim brotherhood and their supporters organized sit-ins in two big squares in Cairo (Rabaa El-Adawia square and Elnahda square) just days before June 30th.Since then and until August 14th they were blocking main roads,organizing marches to different areas in Cairo, disrupting traffic in areas around the sit-ins, attacking military and state properties, and threatening the residents of the buildings around the twosquares. Many different factions (foreign diplomats including Americans and Europeans, Egyptian politicians, etc…) tried to find a common ground and a peaceful solution to the difficult situation at hand however, all trials failed. The leaders of Muslim brotherhood insisted on the return of Morsi before any negotiations and refuse to participate in any talks when they were invited to do so several times by these different faction.

Catholic Church altar in Mallawi, Egypt. (Foto: Maged Moussa Yanni)

Burned Catholic Church altar in Mallawi, Egypt. (Foto: Maged Moussa Yanni)

Many in the West do not understand the reason for which the security forces and the military felt the need to disrupt the sit-ins and break the protests, after all peaceful protests are a normal part of a democracy, and it is not to say that the manner with which they did it should be condoned. However, it is important to clarify a few aspects of the situation to make it more understandable to people who are not in Egypt. Many media outlets in the West and otherwise have been calling the Muslim brotherhood protests and sit-ins “peaceful”. Anyone who has taken the time to listen to speeches made within those sit-ins would realize just how much they incited hatred towards anyone who did not belong to the Muslim brotherhood or support them. Their rhetoric was not one of peace, it was a rhetoric of revenge and hate. They were not chanting for Egypt, they were chanting for Islam, they were not chanting for unity, they were chanting for control. In addition, as the clearing of the sit-in has proved, they also had weapons, the extend to which the sit-ins contained weapons is not clear, but what is clear is that they did contain them and the presence of one guy cancels out the meaning of peace. This is not to say that all protestors are violent and dangerous, but it cannot be said that these protests were peaceful. There was no telling when this rhetoric of hatred was going to turn into actions

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Staatsstreich in Ägypten?

Von Dr. Maged Moussa Yanni, Ägypten

Wir beginnen einen neuen, langen und schwierigen Weg, um das neue Ägypten auf den Werten einer bürgerlichen Gesellschaft – echte Demokratie, Staatsbürgerschaft, Menschenrechte, soziale Gerechtigkeit und Würde – aufzubauen.

Dr. Maged Moussa, former director of Upper Egypt Ass., supporting vocational youth-training programs. Photo:missio

Dr. Maged Moussa, ehemal. Direktor von “Upper Egypt Ass.” Foto: missio

Wir wissen, dass wir vor vielen Schwierigkeiten und Herausforderungen stehen, insbesondere auch vor Menschen, die gegen diese Werte sind und von einer Diktatur profitieren. Ich hoffe und wünsche mir all diese Schwierigkeiten durch unsere Einheit zu überwinden, durch die Friedensbildung, die harte Arbeit, die Begeisterung ebenso wie durch die Hoffnung der meisten Ägypter und mithilfe der zukunftsträchtigen jungen Ägypter.

Wir sind wirklich erstaunt über die offiziellen Erklärungen der Amerikaner und Europäer (einer von ihnen war der deutsche Außenminister), die das Geschehen als Staatsstreich bezeichneten.

Denn Millionen von Ägypter wünschten sich einen Wechsel herbei (nach zurückhaltenden Schätzungen geht man von mindestens 25 Millionen aus, die doppelte Anzahl an Stimmen derer, die Mursi wählten).

Bitte sagen sie den Medien und Politikern, dass wir ihre Unterstützung brauchen, um diese schweren Zeiten (hoffentlich ohne Gewalt) durchzustehen und unsere Träume zu erfüllen.

Coup in Egypt?

By Dr. Maged Moussa Yanni, Ägypten

We are starting a new long difficult road, in order to build the new Egypt based on the values

Dr. Maged Moussa, former director of Upper Egypt Ass., supporting vocational youth-training programs. Photo:missio

Dr. Maged Moussa, former director of Upper Egypt Ass., supporting vocational youth-training programs. Photo:missio

of a civic society, real democracy, citizenship, human rights, social justice and dignity. We know that we will face many difficulties and challenges especially from those who are against those values and those who benefit from the dictatorship regimes.

I hope and wish to overcome all the difficulties by our unity, peace building, hard work, the enthusiasm and the hope that fills most of the Egyptians, and with the promising young Egyptians.

We are really astonished from the Americans and European official statements (one of them was the German minster of foreign affair), that what happened was a coup. Millions of Egyptians where asking for the change (25 M. at least according to the modest estimations, double the number who elected Morsi).

Please convey the voice of millions of Egyptians to the media and politicians, that we need your support to pass through this serious period (without violence I hope) to accomplish our dreams.

Hohe Jugendarbeitslosigkeit in Ägypten – Kirche hilft durch Ausbildungsprogramme

Dr. Maged Moussa, former director of Upper Egypt Ass., supporting vocational youth-training programs. Photo:missio

Dr. Maged Moussa, ehemaliger Direktor der Upper Egypt Ass., unterstützt Ausbildungs-programme für Jugend-liche. / Foto: missio

Von Dr. Maged Moussa Yanny, Ägypten

Einen Großteil der Arbeitslosen in Ägypten machen die Jugendlichen aus. Die meisten Arbeitskräfte sind unqualifiziert und es gibt insgesamt zu wenig Stellen. Selbst gut ausgebildete Hochschulabsolventen finden keine Arbeit.

Die Gründe der Arbeitslosigkeit

Die Finanzkrise hat Ägypten nicht so stark beeinflusst wie die Revolution in Ägypten. Die Einnahmen des Landes sind stark zurückgegangen. Viele Fabriken wurden geschlossen, ausländische Investitionen wurden gestoppt, das Wachstum ist verlangsamt, es werden keine neuen Stellen geschaffen. Die ägyptische Ökonomie ist stark vom Tourismus abhängig – die schlechte Sicherheitssituation im Land hat dazu geführt, dass der Tourismus im Land zurückgegangen ist und damit die Arbeitsstellen auch.

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High youth unemployment in Egypt – church helps with vocational training programs

By Dr. Maged Moussa Yanny, Egypt

Dr. Maged Moussa, former director of Upper Egypt Ass., supporting vocational youth-training programs. Photo:missio

Dr. Maged Moussa, former director of Upper Egypt Ass., supporting vocational youth-training programs. / Photo:missio

The majority of the unemployment in Egypt is youth unemployment; many college graduates and holders of high school diplomas today cannot find work and thus join the clan of the unemployed. The labor is unskilled and the few jobs available do not respond to the existing demand.

Reasons for unemployment: Egyptian revolution, shrinking economy and tourism

The global financial crisis did not greatly affect Egypt however, the Egyptian revolution certainly did. Since the uprising of January 2011, the economy has been going from bad to worse. Revenue to the country has decreased considerably, many factories were closed, foreign investments have stopped, growth is very slow and so there has not been any creation of new jobs.  Egypt’s economy relies heavily on tourism and with the security situation deteriorating the tourism industry has shrunk and naturally so has the jobs in the industry too.

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